Ontology and Education
Gregory K. W. K. Chung, Girlie C. Delacruz, Gary B. Dionne, William L. Bewley, Linking Assessment and Instruction Using Ontologies (2006)
We have developed an ontology for the domain of rifle marksmanship. The ontology contains over 160 concepts and over 160 relationships that capture the different types of relations among the concepts (e.g., causal, part-whole, classifying, functional). The content was drawn from Marine field manuals, and interviews with snipers and coaches. Concepts were tagged with instructional content (e.g., definitions, explanations, elaborations, multimedia examples). Relations were tagged with an explanation of why the particular relation holds under particular conditions.
Eva L. Baker, Assessment in a Changing World (2011)
Proposes ontology-based design as a tool for:
· Using experts in subject matter as essential actors.
· Identifying and reaching consensus on core content and performance demandswithin a domain and the prerequisites to their development (the subtasks through which they evolve) either by top-down or bottom-up methods.
· Graphically displaying and communicating core expectations, with educative value in so doing.
· Providing a compelling, unifying structure for developing/adapting learning sequences; aligning curriculum, instruction, assessment, and professional development; and organizing integrated resources for addressing specified content.
Eva L. Baker, Ontology-Based Educational Design: Seeing is Believing (2012)