The Gene Ontology



Barry Smith, Jennifer Williams and Steffen Schulze-Kremer, “The Ontology of the Gene Ontology”, Proceedings of the Annual Symposium of the American Medical Informatics Association, Washington DC, November 2003, 609–613.

Anand Kumar and Barry Smith, “The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections”, in A. Günter, R. Kruse and B. Neumann (eds.), KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence (Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 2821), Berlin: Springer, 2003, 135–148.

Barry Smith and Cornelius Rosse, “The Role of Foundational Relations in the Alignment of Biomedical Ontologies”, in M. Fieschi, et al. (eds.), Medinfo 2004, Amsterdam: IOS Press, 444–448.

Barry Smith and Anand Kumar, “On Controlled Vocabularies in Bioinformatics: A Case Study in the Gene Ontology”, BIOSILICO: Drug Discovery Today, 2, 2004, 246–252.

Anand Kumar and Barry Smith, “Enhancing GO for the Sake of Clinical Bioinformatics”, Proceedings of Bio-Ontologies Workshop, Glasgow, July 30 (ISMB 2004).

Barry Smith, Jakob Köhler and Anand Kumar, “On the Application of Formal Principles to Life Science Data: A Case Study in the Gene Ontology”, in Proceedings of DILS 2004 (Data Integration in the Life Sciences), (Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics 2994), Berlin: Springer, 2004, 79–94.

Anand Kumar, Barry Smith and Christian Borgelt, “Dependence Relationships between Gene Ontology Terms based on TIGR Gene Product Annotations”, Proceedings of CompuTerm 2004: 3rd International Workshop on Computational Terminology, Geneva: Coling, 31–38.

Barry Smith, Werner Ceusters, Bert Klagges, Jacob Köhler, Anand Kumar, Jane Lomax, Chris Mungall, Fabian Neuhaus, Alan Rector, Cornelius Rosse, “Relations in Biomedical Ontologies”, Genome Biology, 2005, 6 (5), R46.

Köhler J, Munn K, Rüegg A, Skusa A, Smith B. Quality control for terms and definitions in ontologies and taxonomies, BMC Bioinformatics, 2006;7:212-220.

David P. Hill, Barry Smith, Monica S. McAndrews-Hill, Judith A. Blake, Gene Ontology Annotations: What they mean and where they come from, BMC Bioinformatics, 2008; 9(Suppl 5): S2.