Barry Smith Austrian Philosophy. The Legacy of Franz Brentano


Austrian Philosophy

The Legacy of Franz Brentano

pen Court Publishing Company

Chicago and LaSalle, Illinois 1994
Paper back edition 1996
ISBN: 0812693078



Preface and Introduction  1


Austrian Philosophy and the Brentano School  7

1. The Rise of Scientific Philosophy

2. Philosophy and Politics

3. The Neurath-Haller Thesis

4. The School of Franz Brentano

5. Brentano's Philosophy: A Preliminary Outline

Franz Brentano I: On Mind and Its Objects  37

1. Intentionality

2. The Psychology of Aristotle

3. Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint

4. The Unity of the Soul

5. From Psychology to Ontology

Franz Brentano II: On Substance and Accident  64

1. Brentano's Metaphysics

2. Mutual and One-Sided Separability

3. Aristotle on Separability

4. Brentano on Separability

5. Mereological Potentialism vs. Mereological Actualism

6. Places and Times                                                                                


Anton Marty: On Being and Truth  87

1. Brentano and Marty

2. Stumpf, Cantor and the Doctrine of Immanence

3. Bases and Operations

4. Collectives and Relations

5. Space

6. States of Affairs

7. A Correspondence Theory of Intentionality

8. The Martian Theory of Truth

9. On Value‑Contents, Fictions and Linguistic For


Alexius Meinong and Stephan Witasek: On Art and Its Objects  130

1. Meinong and the Problem of Non-Veridical Intentionality

2. The Phantasy Modification 

3. The Marks of Phantasy Phenomena 

4. The Aesthetics of the Graz School 

5. Aesthetic Pleasure

6. Art and Illusion

7. Gestalt and Expression

8. Empathy and Sympathy

9. Musical Presentations


Kasimir Twardowski: On Content and Object  160

1. Twardowski and Polish Philosophy

2. On the Absolute Theory of Truth

3. The Theory of the General Object

4. Sachverhalt vs. Judgment-Content: Immanence and Ideal­ism

5. Process and Product

6. From Psychology to Logic


Tadeusz Kotarbinski: On Things and their Phases  201

1. The Development of Reism

2. Reism and Truth

3. Kotarbinskian Psychology

4. The Aristotelian Concept of Thing

5. Time and Tense

6. In Defence of a Bicategorial Ontology

7. Kotarbinski and Brentano

8. The Varieties of Reism


Christian von Ehrenfels I: On the Theory of Gestalt  255

1. The Theory of Gestalt Qualities

2. Husserl, Meinong, Stumpf 

3. The Graz Production Theory

4. The Berlin School

5. On the Parsing of Ontological Structure

6. Conclusion


Christian von Ehrenfels II: On Value and Desire  295

1. Foundations of a General Theory of Value

2. The Relation between Desire and Feeling

3. The Objects of Desire

4. On the Nature of Values

5. The Struggle for Existence among Values


Carl Menger: On Austrian Philosophy and Austrian Economics  313

1. The Intellectual Background of Austrian Economics

2. A Priori and Analytic Truths

3. Linguistics and Economics

4. Ludwig von Mises and the Synthetic A Priori

5. Two Kinds of Subjectivism

6. Austrian Aristotelianism

7. Aristotelianism in the Social Sciences

8. Fallibilistic Apriorism


References   349