Electronic Health Records and Medical Terminology




HL7 Watch


National Cancer Institute Thesaurus

ICF: Ontology of Processes and Functions

FHIR and Ontology


Barry Smith and Werner Ceusters, “An Ontology-Based Methodology for the Migration of Medical Terminologies to Electronic Health Records”, Proceedings of AMIA Symposium 2005, Washington DC, 704–708. 

Werner Ceusters, Peter Elkin and Barry Smith, “Referent Tracking: The Problem of Negative Findings” (MIE 2006), Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, vol. 124, 741–6.

Barry Smith, “From Concepts to Clinical Reality: An Essay on the Benchmarking of Biomedical Terminologies”, Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 2006; 39(3): 288-298.

Werner Ceusters and Barry Smith, “Strategies for Referent Tracking in Electronic Health Records”, Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 2006; 39(3): 362-378.

Holger Stenzhorn, Stefan Schulz, Martin Boeker and Barry Smith, “Adapting Clinical Ontologies in Real-World Environments”, Journal of Universal Computer Science, 14 (22), 2009, 3767-3780. PMC2853050

Barry Smith and Mathias Brochhausen, “Putting Biomedical Ontologies to Work”, Methods of Information in Medicine, 2010 Feb 5;49.

Ron Rudnicki, Werner Ceusters, Shahid Manzoor and Barry Smith, “What Particulars are Referred to in EHR Data? A Case Study in Integrating Referent Tracking into an Electronic Health Record Application”, Proceedings of the Annual Symposium of the American Medical Informatics Association, Chicago, IL, 2007, 630-634. PMC2655819.

Werner Ceusters and Barry Smith, “What do Identifiers in HL7 Identify? An Essay in the Ontology of Identity”, Proceedings of InterOntology 2009 (Tokyo, Japan, February 27-March 1, 2009), 77-86.

Werner Ceusters and Barry Smith, “A Unified Framework for Biomedical Terminologies and Ontologies”, Proceedings of Medinfo 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, Amsterdam: IOS Press, 12-15 September 2010 (Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 2010, 160) 1050-1054. PMC3104298